Knowing, identifying, and naming feelings and their characteristics is at the heart of emotional knowledge and expression. Children know the causes of feelings, and can identify which emotions occur in which situations. This makes them better at assessing social situations, and they also learn to read other people‘s expressions of their feelings. They also identify their own feelings, and learn how to express them.
When different interests collide, there is often conflict. What is the best way of managing different needs? This is what conflict & cooperation is about. To help develop social-emotional skills, the aim is to find a peaceful resolution to a conflict. Children learn to not only put forward their interests, but also to subordinate them. To manage conflicts peacefully, emotional knowledge & expression, emotional regulation, and empathy also play an important role.
Emotional regulation means having appropriate control of one‘s emotions. Children learn to identify that they are experiencing a strong feeling, but they must not let themselves be overwhelmed by it. They practice impulse control. The objective is that, instead of acting uncontrollably or bursting into tears, children are able to continue discussing the issue and managing their own position.
Empathy means having a rational and emotional understanding of the perspectives of others, and then adapting your own behavior accordingly. Why is someone expressing this feeling? What might have happened? What would I feel if I were in their place? These thoughts are the foundation of empathy. Empathy is therefore closely connected to emotional knowledge and expression.